As the first 7 provinces and major cities who are experimenting with carbon trading, Guangdong has moved forward with its carbon trading initiative from system design to actual operation. Guangdong provincial government has recently published Implementing Plans for Guangdong Province Carbon Trading Experiment to designate 827 enterprises from 9 major industries for carbon emission control and carbon quota trading. These are the enterprises that emit 20,000 tons or more of CO2 in any year between 2011-2014 from the power sector, cement, steel, ceramics, oil refining, textile, non-ferrous metal, plastics and papermaking, but not including transportation and construction/building.